Contemporary psychologydistinguishes between 4 major parenting styles.Each style has different positive and negative effects on children. Main parenting styles are listed below.
Authoritarian Parenting Styles
Authoritarian parents force their children to follow exact rules. If a child fails to obey the rules or parent’s commands, he or she will be punished.
Pros:Children that grow under authoritarian parenting tend to study fairly well and be obedient. When reaching adulthood such children are likely to become professionals in their job.
Cons:The children do not seem to understand the rules rather they are taken for granted. Often the explanation of the rules is somewhere between the lines: “Do what I tell you and don’t ask stupid questions”.
Children don’t comprehend underlying reasons behind the established rules. Lack of communication between children and parents doesn’t help either - usually authoritarian parents don’t even bother to explain.
Forceful measures may result in children who are unhappy, have a large gap in social skills and often have low self-esteem.
Most bullies come from this group of children, as authoritarianparenting stylesevoke anger and bitterness. Therefore, children react aggressively to anything they dislike or don’t understand.
Authoritative Parenting Styles
Among all parenting styles , authoritative is considered as the most appropriate style.What are itseffects on children? As opposed to authoritarianparenting styles, authoritative styles implicate much more communication. Parents will appropriately limit their children to keep them under control. At the same time, they explain the importance of following the established rules. Children and parents learn to create own set of rules and discuss them until rules are understood.
Pros:As far aspsychologyis concerned, kids grow independent and confident under this parenting style.
They adopt society’s moral standards without any difficulties and rarely have any sort of anger management problems.
High self-esteem is another important product of this style. Not only do children feel happy and confident, this confidence is carried over to a teenage period and above.
Good to superior academic and on-the-job performance is another factor.
Cons:Generally, there are no distinct cons.
Permissive Parenting Styles
Permissive parents are the loving ones, but they don’t set their children any limits. Such children grow understanding that whatever they do, there’s going to be no punishment.
Pros:Generally, there are no distinct pros.
Cons:Though being “over loved”, these childrenoften feel lonely and unhappy .
They tend to have poor academic performance.
Permissiveparenting stylesresult in children who are disorganized, lack independence and don’t accept any authority.
Among other possibleeffects on childrenare selfishness, aggression and fear of taking responsibility.
Uninvolved Parenting Styles
From the standpoint ofpsychology, this is outright a parenting disaster. Uninvolved parenting has extremely harmfuleffects on children. Children have few or no rules to follow. Their own home is often a hostile place, when they grow up, they become aggressive and show signs of antisocial behavior.
Pros:There are no pros.
Cons:These children tend to be hostile towards others, often disobey any possible rules.
They exhibit extremely low self-esteem levels, lack self-organization and self-control.
They also tend to be the worst at school.
Psychologyhas been concerned with the differentparenting stylesand theireffects on children. Unfortunately, all parents cannot use authoritative style. Cultural, religious, and individual backgrounds of parents vary hugely causing them utilize other styles as well. Fortunately, parents within one family usually have different styles to balance one another.